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Wilderness Survival Essentials

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Wilderness, a rare place, is untrammeled. You can spend a few days there to escape the hustle and bustle of everyday life.

It is important to learn how to navigate safely in the wild if you are going to spend a lot of time there. Here are some tips to help you do just that.

Map and Compass

A map and a compass are essential tools for wilderness navigation. These can be helpful for hiking, backpacking, and mountaineering.

First, make sure your map is oriented to your exact location. This will help you read the map with more accuracy. It also accounts for magnetic deviation (which is the difference between compass points towards magnetic north, represented as the MN symbol on topo maps, and true nord, which is shown as a star in a compass).

Next, find three landmarks you are able to see in person. Place each on the map, pointing your direction-of-travel arrow towards each.

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Once you have located the three landmarks, it is possible to use them for triangulation. This is an advanced skill that can make your compass readings more accurate than eyeballing them.


When you're trapped in cold, wet, or snowy conditions, sheltering in the wilderness can save your life. Hypothermia can quickly set in during extreme winter temperatures if you don’t have any protection.

You can build a variety of survival shelters that are easy to assemble and will keep you warm and dry in any winter wilderness. They can also be used as a base to store food, water, or emergency gear, decreasing the likelihood of them being eaten by animals.

The easiest way to make a tree-pit snow shelter, especially in areas with dense evergreen trees and snow depths, is to do it from a tree. Dig down to the desired depth from a tree. Make sure you cover the floor with pine boughs to insulate.


Water is one of the most vital survival needs of the human body. Water is vital to our survival. It cannot be lived without for more than three consecutive days.

Finding water in the wilderness can be challenging. You could get sick from water that contains harmful contaminants, even death, if you're far away from a doctor.

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The best place to find water in an underground or mountain stream is ideal. These are the best places to find water and are less susceptible to contamination by harmful bacteria, microorganisms, or other contaminants.


It is essential to survive in the wilderness. You can't survive for long without water. It's crucial that you know how to find your daily calories if you are in the wilderness.

There are plenty of wild foods you can forage, including berries, seeds, fruit, nuts, and herbs. Knowing how to identify wild plants is an essential skill for outdoor enthusiasts, especially those going on long camping trips or expeditions in the wilderness.

Dandelion is one of the most popular wild foods you can find freely. It can be eaten as a leaf or flower and is rich in nutrients. You will also find wild mushrooms, grasses and nettles in the wilderness.


Why are basic survival skills important?

Basic survival skills include how to make shelter, fire, shelter, hunt, fish, and protect yourself. These skills are vital no matter where you live. However, they are even more important when you travel alone or in remote locations.

Survival skills include navigation, self defense, self-defense as well wilderness medicine. They are vital life-saving tools and should be used before venturing out into the unknown.

While you may not have the time or resources to learn these skills, there are many other useful skills that could be of benefit. If you want to spend your vacation hiking, learn about mountaineering. If you intend to camp in deserts, learn how extreme temperatures can be beaten. There are countless ways to prepare for any situation, so don't hesitate to think outside the box and consider learning new skills.

How to Navigate Without a Compass or With One

Although a compass does not tell you where you're going, it can help you get back to your home in case you lose your bearings.

There are three options for navigation:

  1. By landmarks
  2. By magnetic North (using an compass).
  3. By stars

These are objects you recognize immediately when you come across them. They can include buildings, trees, rivers, and others. Because they give you a visual clue about where you are, landmarks are very useful.

Magnetic North is simply the direction in which the Earth's magnetic field points. The sun appears to be moving across sky if you look up. However, the earth’s magnetic field actually causes it to move around the Earth. Although it appears that the sun is moving across the sky and around the horizon, it actually does so. The sun is overhead at noon. The sun is directly below your eyes at midnight. The magnetic field on the earth changes daily, so the direction of the North pole's magnetic North pole can change every day. This can mean that you could be off track for a few days.

Another method of navigation is to use stars. Stars rise and set above the horizon. These are fixed points in time that you can use for determining your location relative others.

What is the first thing you should do in a survival situation?

Assessing the situation is the first thing you should do in an emergency. You must know what's happening, where you are, how you got there.

Knowing what to expect from your environment is important. If you live in a remote area, communication may be impossible.

If you don’t know what you are doing, you should start learning as quickly as you can.

If you are in imminent danger, you should seek help right away. You might be able to wait until you are safe to collect information and find out the facts.

What is your most important survival tool?

A sharp knife is the most essential tool for survival. A sharp knife is more than just any other knife. You will not be able to use it correctly if it isn't.

A knife without its blade is useless. A knife without a blade is dangerous.

Master craftsmen are the best at making knives. They know their craft and what it takes to make them work. They take great pride at their work and ensure that each knife they make is flawless.

They clean their blades and sharpen the knives regularly.

When you buy a knife, you want to ensure it feels right in your hand. It should be comfortable to hold.

You shouldn't notice any rough spots on the handle.

Ask the seller to repair any such defects if you find them. Accept a knife you don't like in your hands.


  • The Dyrt PRO gives 40% campground discounts across the country (thedyrt.com)
  • so you can be 100 percent hands-free, and there's less chance you'll put your torch down and lose it. (nymag.com)
  • The downside to this type of shelter is that it does not generally offer 360 degrees of protection and unless you are diligent in your build or have some kind of tarp or trash bags, it will likely not be very resistant to water. (hiconsumption.com)
  • Not only does it kill up to 99.9% of all waterborne bacteria and parasites, but it will filter up to 1,000 liters of water without the use of chemicals. (hiconsumption.com)

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How To

How to Dress a Wound?

It takes a lot time to learn how you can treat a wound. It is important to have a basic understanding of anatomy, physiology, as well as medical instruments. In order to properly treat a wound, you must have sufficient experience. These steps will help you dress a wound.

  1. Clean the wound thoroughly. Make sure you don't leave any dirt or foreign items in your wound. After cleaning the wound, put gauze around it. Before touching the wound, wash your hands with clean water.
  2. Press down. Apply pressure by placing two fingers beneath the skin along the edges of the wound. Press firmly but gently. This is a good way to stop bleeding.
  3. Make sure to properly cover the wound. Sterile bandage material must be applied to the wound. The options for sterile bandages are nonwoven fabric (cotton), surgical tape, adhesive strips, and surgical tape. Continue applying pressure until your wound heals completely.
  4. After treatment, keep an eye on the wound. Be on the lookout for signs such as swelling, fever, pain, pus, pus, or reddening of the wound. These signs can indicate that the injury has become infected. Get to your doctor right away.
  5. The bandage should be removed regularly. Every day, or when there are signs of infection, change the bandage.
  6. Wash the wound area with soap and warm water. Follow the instructions on the package. Do not use alcohol. It may dry out the wound.
  7. Do not scratch the wound. The wound will continue to bleed if it's scratched.
  8. Bathing is dangerous. Bathing increases the risk of getting an infection.
  9. Keep the wound clean and dry. As you heal from surgery, your body temperature will rise. High temperatures could lead to complications. The wound should be kept dry and at a cool temperature.
  10. Seek medical attention if you are in pain. If you feel uncomfortable call 911 or go directly to an emergency room.


Wilderness Survival Essentials